Tag Archives: Mud Gun

The mud agitator is composed by explosion-proof electric machine, reducer,engine base and impeller components. The electric machine ,reducer and impeller shaft are connected with each other by solid couplings. 4 leaf blades were welded on each impeller.

Drilling fluid gun belongs to the water conservancy agitator equipment, its function is rely on high speed fluid which is produced from the gun nozzle, impacting the solid phase which in drilling fluid bottom storage tank and keep it suspension. After the agitator stop a period of time, the depositional solid phase bury the impellers, it is needed to restart, drilling fluid gun can eliminate a part of resistance distance when the agitator start, it can provide the reasonable guarantee for regular work of agiatator.

Operarting Principles: The impeller can stengthen the stirring effect by making vortex of the drilling fluid. The tray installed between the leaf blades can prevent the deposition of the solid particles when the machine stopped, thereby, to reduce the moment of resistance inflicted by the sediment to the impellers when restart the equipment, therefore, to avoid burnout of the machine.

   

The structure of drilling fluid gun

According the structure of drilling fluid gun, it is divided into stationary type and rotation type.

1 The stationary type drilling fluid gun is similar with water conservancy agitator which the tank has nozzles, but the drilling fluid gun is installed on the two diagonal which is from 200meter to the bottom tank, the nozzle direction is parallel the longitudinal tank wall of circulation tank.

2 The rotation type drilling fluid gun is divided into hand regulation and autorotation. The hand regulation agitator has two hinges, it is made of access tubes, shell, spray gun and the replaceable nozzle

The spray gun with the nozzles, rely on the two hinges, it can spurt any direction in the two perpendicular planes inside. The automatic rotary drilling fluid gun is made of input pipes, body gun, cross fitting, the two bends with nipples, replacement nozzle and two coat nots.

 The use of drilling fluid gun has a certain limitation, drilling fluid gun is auxiliary tool of mechanical mixing plant device, the mud gun can dispose the solid phase suspension which is didn’t disposed by mechanical agitator. According the research date, the depth of useful effect is only 1.5-2.7m, it is related with the drilling fluid density, viscosity and the speed nozzle.

Advantages

1 The cost of drilling fluid gun is lower than mechanical agitator.

2 In the premise of meet the requirements of pump power can use the drilling pumps.

3 The flow can concentrate in a location to decrease or eliminate the dead zone.

4 The weight is lighter than mechanical agitator.

5 It can improve the rate of shearing.

Shortcomings

1 If use along the drilling fluid system stir, it need a lot of drilling fluid guns, the cost of pumps and pipes is big.

3 The nozzle is abraded and let to high speed flow, it needs greater power, if the nozzle is not replaced in time, it may led to motor overload.

4 If solid phase have already precipitate, drilling fluid gun directly shot to the sediment, the sediment is maybe blocking the pump, conical shield or centrifugal.

The shale shaker is the most important equipment in the drilling fluid solid control system, it is the first process of the mud purification. Not only using in deep well, but also using the shallow well, the mud must through the shale shaker to filter.

Working principle

The shale shakers are mainly drive by the electrical machine to rotate to produce the periodic changed inertia force, drilling fluid solid phase enters into the sieve screen, do the throwing movement on the sieve surface, and then the solid phase particles with different size will be removed. The separation diameters and throughput of the shale shakers are the most important factors of matching. The technology level of shale shakers mainly show at the handing ability (throughput and separated granularity), the stability of working, the length of life and the flexibility of operation. The handing ability of shale shakers is related with the structure of shale shakers, the movement locus, the vibration frequency, the vibration intensity, the area of shale shakers and the degree of thickness. In order to make the shale shakers match with the drilling machineries, the maximum displacement of the drilling pumps and the quantity of drilling cuttings produced must be considered.

Classification

Usually according to the movement locus, the shale shakers can be grouped into round screen shaker, the common elliptic screen shaker, linear screen shaker, equilibrium elliptic screen shaker. The common elliptic screen shaker: also can be called the disequilibrium elliptic screen shaker, there is a exciter devices fixed right above of the screen box barycenter, It requires the screen boxes tilt an angle, gets rid of sand by gravity, avoids the sand having the tendency of backward throwing. From this, the tilt of the screen boxes really improved the moving performance of sand, but the disposed amount of the drilling fluid reduced, this is the main shortcoming of the common elliptic screen shaker. The linear shale shakers

liner shale shaker

: Two main axises with eccentric blocks do synchronous reverse rotation to produce the liner vibration. Because the direction of the liner shale shaker is unchanged,  which makes the particles difficult to drop, and then the screen paste phenomenon appeares, which makes the valid over flowing area of screen  and throughput reduced. When the number of  screens increases, the phenomenon of screen paste will be more serious. So when the linear shale shakers use the super details screen, it could not meet the requirements of the using amount of drilling fluid.

The equilibrium ellipse screen: In recent years to develop a new type screen, the movement locus of long axis and short axis are all the same, the size and direction of the throwing angle are completely consistent. The equilibrium ellipse screen combined with the basic advantages of the round screens and liner screens, the throughput of the equilibrium ellipse screens is bigger twenty percent to thirty percent than the liner screens, is a relatively advanced drilling fluid shale shaker screens, representative the development direction of the drilling fluid shale shakers.